Heard the name Tor but not sure what it is? Here’s a brief introduction to The Onion Router, what using Tor Browser for privacy entails, and what.onion sites are.Tor, short for The Onion Router, is an anonymous peer-to-peer darknet designed to enhance privacy and resist both censorship and surveillance. You can use it to access both standard websites with a bit of extra privacy and security and special.onion sites that can only be reached when connected to the Tor network.The term “darknet” has all sorts of ominous undertones, but its modern usage simply refers to a network сайты of computers that uses the internet to send data but is only accessible by using specific software, networking configurations or authorisation (passwords, keys, or IP address-based restictions for example).The general term “overlay network” is used to describe this practice of running one communications network on top of another. In practice, a darknet has a lot in common with an an enterprise VPN, where people working remotely connect to their office network and are assigned a local address with local access to that network.People tend to use the term “darknet” in the same breath as the “dark web. As we’ve established, a darknet is a network of computers that use the internet’s infrastructure to host and send data that’s only accessible to people using the right tool to access it, such as the Tor network.The dark web consists of websites that are only available via a darknet, such as onion sites on Tor. The deep web refers to sites that aren’t indexed сайт by search engines, ranging from sites and services that require a login to access to pages with no links leading to them from elsewhere on the web. Many onion sites are not indexed anywhere and can only be accessed if you have a direct address for them, making them deep web sites.The normal web outside Tor is, by comparison, referred to as the “surface web” or “clear web” – I’ll be using the latter term in this article.Kaspersky VPN Secure Connection – 34% OffThe secure way to enjoy the web without compromising on speed is now 34% off at £34.12 a year, equivalent to £2.84 per month, with coverage for up to 5 devices.Compatible with Android™ and iOS®KasperskyWas £52.50£34.12/year (£2.84 monthly equivalent)View OfferPrecautions and privacyWhen you’re connected to Tor, for example via Tor Browser, your ISP can see that you’re connected to a Tor relay, but your traffic is encrypted. As with VPNs, this layer of anonymity only works until you sign into a service linked to your identity, such as Google or Facebook, so it’s probably best not to do that.Some services, such as secure email provider ProtonMail, have dedicated onion sites and can be securely connected to via Tor, but if you’re trying to be anonymous, you should keep the services you use on Tor separate from those you use on day-to-day basis.Facebook has an onion site, too. This might be useful for contacting friends and family if you’re on the wrong side of an state-level internet communications block, but I’d personally be disinclined to trust the privacy claims of a company whose entire business model is based upon selling their users’ eyes to advertisers.Finally, as Tor only encrypts TCP traffic, you should avoid using services such as Skype, which can leak your originating IP address via UDP. For similar data leakage reasons, you shouldn’t use it for torrenting.Installing Tor BrowserGetting onto Tor is trivially easy these days. Go to https://www.torproject.org/download/ and download the correct version for your OS. Run it and you’ll get a connection screen. You’ll probably want to tick the box to tell it to always connect automatically, so that you’re immediately connected to the Tor network whenever you start the browser.If you’re in a country or connected via a service that attempts to actively block Tor, you may need to configure the browser’s Tor Network Settings to use a bridge, but most users can ignore the advanced settings until they have specific need of them.What’s on Tor?By default, Tor Browser uses the Tor version of the Duck Duck Go search engine to allow you to search the clear web as normal, just it accessing via Tor for extra privacy. This is the most significant use for most people.If you want to access onion sites, however, you’ll need to take a few more steps, though we don’t recommend any reader do this unless they have a specific, legal, need.Many prominent onion sites are promoted on the clear web. For example, the BBC lists its onion sites, launched in 2019, on an easily-searchable clear web site. You’ll find its main English-language dark web service at https://www.bbcnewsd73hkzno2ini43t4gblxvycyac5aw4gnv7t2rccijh7745uqd.onion/. You’ll find others discussed on clear web Tor enthusiast forums, such as r/Tor.Kaspersky VPN Secure Connection – 34% OffThe secure way to enjoy the web without compromising on speed is now 34% off at £34.12 a year, equivalent to £2.84 per month, with coverage for up to 5 devices.Compatible with Android™ and iOS®KasperskyWas £52.50£34.12/year (£2.84 monthly equivalent)View OfferMany journalists and publications use SecureDrop (http://sdolvtfhatvsysc6l34d65ymdwxcujausv7k5jk4cy5ttzhjoi6fzvyd.onion/) so that sources can anonymously share documents and blow the whistle with reduced risk of exposure.Meanwhile, on Tor itself, old-fashioned link directories exist alongside a handful of onion spiders. Just don’t expect the glossy efficiency of Google and Bing search, as onion sites tend to be resistant to traditional automated search engine robots.Although law enforcement and other government agencies cheerfully browse, use, seize and run sites on Tor, it’s a largely unregulated and unfiltered space – you’ll only hear from said agencies if you’ve been up to anything you shouldn’t have and get caught up in one of their sweeps of illegal activity.Expect to see more scams, malware, phishing attacks, random porn, doxxing sites, money laundering, and bootleg wares when casually browsing than you’d get on the clear web. This is vaguely interesting as both a throwback to certain parts of the early web and as a glimpse of the internet’s seedy underbelly, but if you’re not here for security reasons, the low-grade dodginess gets old fast.You might like…
Tor onion site - Hydra ссылка на сайт рабочая
What is a .onion domain and how does it workA .onion domain is the address of a website that can only be accessed through the Tor anonymity browser. Regular browsers won’t be able to navigate the relay of proxy servers that will take users to your website.How is it different from an ordinary domain?Ordinary web domains, like .com, .org, .biz, and others are issued by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). There are thousands of different domains out there, but not all of them can be used by everyone (like .apple, for example). Users have to submit proposals to ICANN to register a domain and sub-domain (the part before the period). There are usually costs associated with registering and maintaining the domain of your choice.Why would I want a .onion address?A .onion domain has a few key advantages over an ordinary domain (but a few drawbacks as well). Its key feature – that it can only be accessed using a Tor browser – is both a drawback and an advantage. Tor is far from the most popular browser, and many people don’t even know it exists, so you shouldn’t expect massive traffic on your .onion site. However, the Tor browser affords numerous layers of anonymity that are not available on more popular browsers. If you want to ensure near-total anonymity for both you and your visitors, you can’t do much better than a Tor address.When you create a .onion site, a domain name will automatically be generated for you. It will be a string of 16 random lowercase letters and numbers (from 2 to 7) that the Tor browser can use to navigate to your server. Unfortunately, these random strings cannot be any longer or shorter than 16 characters and are often hard to remember, making it difficult for users to memorize your website and easy for malicious users to create a similar but different domain to potentially confuse visitors.However, this also means that you do not need to register with ICANN to create your own domain. You won’t need to hide your details from “whois” searches, and your ICANN account won’t be vulnerable to malicious takeovers. You will be completely in control of your privacy and your domain.Creating a vanity domain – one featuring a recognizable word of your choice – is possible but computationally expensive. Facebook devoted considerable resources to achieving its .onion domain – facebookcorewwwi.onion – and they only needed 8 characters. Getting the exact 16 characters you want could take a single computer billions years to achieve.How do I create a .onion domain?1. Create a web serverTor’s .onion service can give your existing web server a .onion domain if it’s configured correctly. However, the powerful anonymity provided by Tor isn’t worth much if your server leaks personal data or information that advanced users could use to identify you. Tor suggests binding your server to localhost. When you set up your .onion services later, you’ll create a virtual port that visitors can connect through so you don’t reveal your real IP address.Make sure you also scrub your server of any other information that might identify you, your IP, or your location. Remove any reference to your server’s information from any error messages that might be sent to visitors.2. Configure your server’s .onion servicesTo do this, you’ll have to open your “torrc” file, which is a text file you received when you set up your Tor browser. For more detailed information on how to modify this file to create a .onion server, follow the instructions on the Tor project’s website.Once your setup is complete, turn on your Tor browser to generate a public key, or domain, for your website. After that, it’s up to you to distribute it and get people to visit your site. Just be sure not to share the private key with anyone!
Privacy is a human right, which is why Proton makes all our services available for free. We believe everyone should be able to express themselves and choose what happens to their data, regardless of where they live or their ability to pay.Unfortunately, authoritarian governments that try to limit the right to privacy and freedom of speech often attempt to block ProtonMail. It has happened in Turkey, Belarus, and Russia.Often, you can use ProtonVPN, our free, no-logs, open-source VPN service, to bypass these internet blocks, but in the face of advanced and persistent internet censorship, Tor remains one of the most effective solutions.Proton becomes a Green Onion MemberTor’s work closely aligns with our vision of building a better internet where privacy is the default. In fact, the Tor Project, the organization that developed the Tor Browser and oversees the Tor network, helped us launch the first version of the ProtonMail onion site (websites on the Tor network are called “onion sites” because .onion is the top-level domain used on the Tor network) back in 2017.Sadly, more and more governments are turning to internet censorship or shutdowns to control their citizens. This has made Tor, with its anonymous browsing and ability to bypass advanced internet blocks, a vital tool for fighting censorship. That is why we are pleased to announce that Proton now supports the development of Tor as a Green Onion Member. This will allow us to work closely with the Tor Project team and improve your experience on the Proton web apps over Tor.Access ProtonMail, Proton Calendar, and Proton Drive with the updated Tor siteAs part of this collaboration, we have implemented a major update to the ProtonMail site, and have added Proton Calendar and Proton Drive Tor sites. You’ll enjoy a redesigned and easy-to-use inbox, calendar, and file storage while benefiting from Tor’s enhanced privacy protection.More importantly, you can now sign up for your Proton account directly on our onion site, making it even easier for anyone to use Tor to bypass censorship and set up a Proton account.With the new update to the Proton Tor site, you can use ProtonMail, Proton Calendar, and Proton Drive over Tor with the same convenience as our regular web apps.Learn how to access the ProtonMail Tor siteWhile this level of anonymity is not necessary for everyone, it can be a lifeline for people if their government is implementing advanced censorship measures or if they are being targeted by hackers. Deciding the level of protection you need when using the internet is a part of determining your threat model.The fight for a better internetAt Proton, we believe everyone should be able to use the internet and express themselves without worrying about censorship or surveillance. Joining the Tor Project as a Green Onion Member is part of our work towards this goal. Our close collaboration with the Tor Project and our updated onion site will provide more ways for people facing advanced online surveillance and censorship to access our services.